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Bio Fertilizer    
 
 
Vermi compost <<Back To Category
 

 

Vermi Compost in Organic manure. The earth worm uses the organic wastes as heir food and leaves them as escrita. Application of vermi- compost to soil reduces its bulk density increases water holing capacity and supply slowly the various nutrient elements to crops. In our country many species of earthworms   inhabitate in soil. But only 3-4 species are use in preparation of vermin compost. In India the following two species are widely used.

1.      Eisenia foetida

2.      Eudrilus eugeniae

Preparation of vermi- compost:

1.         For vermi- compost a place should be provided with shade.

2.      A pit to be formed above he ground level 1 m (length) x 1 m (breadth) x 1 m (depth) in size with brick lined and the bottom of the pit to be pointed with bricks and cement.

3.      At the bottom of the pit 3 inches layer of decomposed straw / sawdust / water hyacinth to be spread and moistened.

4.      Then 6 inches layer of decomposed cow-dung of F.Y.M. to be spread over this. The layer should be moistened with water.

5.      1500-2000 earthworms are left on this decomposed dung bed and covered with another 3 inch layer of decomposed dung and moistened with water.

6.      Straw / dry leaves / waste materials covered the top of the vermin pit.

7.      Water to be sprinkled for 25-30 days to sock the materials so that the materials contain 30-40 percent moisture.

8.      Next water to be sprinkled according to the necessity.

9.      Care to be taken so that temperature does not exceed 25-300 C.

10.  Vermicompost will be ready at the end of 50-60 days.

11.  At the end 8-9 inch top materials of the vermin pit to be removed for seaving and drying.